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Bots are non-player characters (NPC), which act as real players. They were primarily introduced via PODbot for Counter-Strike 1.5 and made official in Counter-Strike: Condition Zero through the AI work by Gearbox Software and Turtle Rock Studios.

RealbotEdit

Realbot was a Counter-Strike based version of the 'Botmans' framework to communicate with the Half-Life engine. It was able to navigate the 3D maps of Counter-Strike without the use of NAV files and the bot had the ability to learn and adapt behavior from human players. The bot was developed by Stefan Hendricks who states that Realbot was awarded "Best Counter-Strike Bot in 2002".

Ping of DeathEdit

Marcus Klinge created an effective AI bot addon for Counter-Strike 1.6, now known as PODbot, and used feedback to tweak it through the years to make realistic bot interaction, much like that in Condition Zero soon after. The system used .PWF files which contained navigation data, a predecessor to the NAV system implemented in Condition Zero and Counter-Strike: Source.

As with official CZ bots. POD bots have three different aggression; Normal, Aggressive and Defensive, their aggression appear next to their names unlike CZ bots. [POD] (Normal), [P*D] (Aggressive) and [P0D] (Defensive, just a zero instead of "O")

Normal and Aggressive bots are usually armed with assault rifles while the Defensive bots are usually armed with sniper rifles

Counter-Strike: Condition ZeroEdit

During the early production of Condition Zero, Gearbox Software hired Klinge to work on the early bot AI for the game, allowing for use in single-player and cooperative play as well as the traditional teamplay. During the transfer of production to Ritual Entertainment, the fate of the new bot was unknown.

After Ritual's own version was dropped, the production was passed to Turtle Rock Studios. They worked on the AI for the single player part of the multiplayer piece, when they started to code NPCs for servers wanting more players on low servers. It is likely that the main programmer Mike Booth took a cue from Gearbox and Klinge in the development of the NAV system. As a result, they finalized the bots and navigation maps along with NPC terrorists for the Tour of Duty campaigns. Skill levels (Easy, Normal, Hard, Expert) have been applied to the AI to accustom with server options and make it easier or challenging for players.

In Counter-Strike Condition Zero, the navigation of the bots have improved, notably the hostages as they have more interactions with players and can even escape on their own. If a Counter-Terrorist or a Terrorist bot is nearby, that bot will say "Okay sir, let's go" to a human player and will follow him. The quote changes to "Okay Commander, let's go" if the player is in the Tour of Duty Campaign.

Counter-Strike: SourceEdit

Once again, Turtle Rock Studios had coded the AI for Counter Strike: Source, updating the bots to the standards of the new Source engine. This AI also evolved into Left 4 Dead, which they developed through to their acquisition by Valve and Turtle Rock Studios.

In Counter-Strike Source, bots will now alert team members of any sniper that is within their sight. These quotes were reused from cut quotes in the older games. Sniper bots are now more aware of their surroundings and will usually occupy long pathways in a defense stance. Due to this, bots' awareness of snipers have also increased and they will often strafe and work together with allied players to eliminate enemies. Bots that see an enemy sniper will also look for cover first, rather than standing still and fight in older games. And in some cases, bots may rush at close ranges while strafing.

Enemy bots will react to your firing, and will often form a small to large group in attempt to kill the player, unlike in previous games. This is probably a way to force the player to work closely with friendly bots. Working alone is more difficult even on the lowest skill set. Also, when a player kills a bot, they are reprogrammed to focus on human players first before targeting other bots, unless they are in close proximity.

Unlike previous games where (easy) bots are armed with the M249, they will always spray bullets at long range. Now, bots in easy difficulty will now fire their weapons in short bursts at long range, including M249 users. However, their accuracy is still not good enough to take enemies down at long range, excluding bots armed with sniper rifles.

Moreover, the infiltration skills of bots have improved as well, namely, for bombsites. A.I. players will usually use different entrances to breach through enemy occupied territory and they are more effective as well.

In GoldSrc games, bots would take at least 3-7 seconds to purchase their preferred weapons and equipment. This was removed in CS: Source and Global Offensive.

Unlike older Counter-Strike games, bots will often form a group instead of traversing through the map by themselves if they won the previous round. However, bots that lost the previous round will either camp and/or split up.

Counter-Strike: Global OffensiveEdit

The bot system has been greatly improved, notably the navigation system. Moreover, the behavior for the bots have been configured for the Arsenal, Deathmatch, and the updated hostage rescue modes respectively.

The accuracy of bots has been improved as well. Even at long range with easy bots, they may not not able to kill enemies effectively. However, this is compensated by having a longer aiming time before bots will open fire.

Also, unlike in previous games where bots will often crouch against enemies, bots will now often refrain from crouching in most cases. Furthermore, bots on higher difficulties will now use "pop 'n hide" tactics again any enemies at some ranges unless they are against enemies that are armed with weak weapons like shotguns at long ranges.

A new feature implemented is that spectating human players can control bots on their respective team at any time. However, stats, money, and obtained weapons will only be awarded to the bot and not the player.

Unlike in Counter-Strike: Source where all bots will group as an entire team to complete their missions, bots in CS:GO will sometimes split half of the team (mostly 5 per group).

In multiplayer servers, bots will appear to fill in empty positions until new human players arrive. By default, the difficulty for these bots are set to hard.

Normally, when playing offline with bots, the game will be started with a total of 9 bots for both teams (5 players on each team). Unlike older games, the number of bots in the game cannot be selected in a menu. However, the player can add more bots at any time by using the console command bot_add for a maximum of 10 players on each team (including the player). Like in Condition Zero and Source, the player can add a specific bot by typing bot's name behind "bot_add"(e.g. Ian, the sniper bot). See the page below for all bot names.

The player can also use bot_add_ct or bot_add_t to add bots directly to individual teams. However, the game will not allow more than 2 extra bots on a single team to prevent team stacking without setting additional console commands.

At any time, a player can remove bots from the game by using the bot_kick <bot name> console command. If a bot name is not specified, all bots will be removed from the game.

The player can also use bot_kill <bot name> during a match, but it is considered to be a cheat command and requires sv_cheats to be activated even when playing offline with bots.

If a Terrorist player accidentally gives his C4 to a bot, he can retrieve it by pressing the use key (default "E") on the bot.

Since doors can be destroyed like in Left 4 Dead, bots will often shoot doors if a door still blocks their way after opening. However, since doors cannot be fully destroyed by gunfire (shooting it will only make holes), it will slowly be destroyed after a bot has collided with the door long enough.

Bots will normally not buy any weapon that was added in an update. This includes the USP-S, the CZ75-Auto, and the M4A1-S. Furthermore, all their weapons have default skins.

Using bots in custom mapsEdit

For newly compiled maps played in Condition Zero or Source, the game will automatically search the map for walkable spaces for the bots to use. The compiled information is then stored in a NAV file for the server to use.

Sometimes, bots would still not be able to function properly in custom maps as they may struggle in navigating properly. In this case, it may be recommended in adding console commands to restrict or toggle certain areas that require a certain type of movement.

Depending on the size of the map, it may take about 5-10 minutes to finish auto-way pointing. However, in Source, it has an improved auto-way pointing system although it will usually ignore shortcuts that is often used by human players.

Some custom maps are restricted for human players only. If bots are added in such maps (e.x. "surf" type), they may not be able to walk around efficiently and sometimes they may commit suicide if they enter a location that is tagged with "trigger_hurt" (bots will ignore that entity and will walk blindly into it).

Bot options (prior to Global Offensive)Edit

Prefix

Similar to clan tags specifically used by all bots.
Default: [Bot]

Difficulty

Easy, Normal, Hard, or Expert

Use weapons

Whether or not Bots are allowed to use specific weapons.
If any of the checkboxes are unchecked, the bots will not use that specific weapon.
If all checkboxes are unchecked, the bots will only use Knife.

Bot Radio Chatter

How much should bots use radio communication
Normal ― Use quotes such as "Nice shot, sir." and "We owned them!"
Minimal ― Not use many quotes, only in major occasions
Standard Radio ― Use only quotes from voice communication menus like "Enemy spotted" and "Get in position and wait for my go."
Off ― No radio communication

Bots Join Team

Which team should Bots join. If set to Random, the bots will try to balance the teams.

Bots join after a player joins

Whether bots will enter the game when a player joins or stay and play themselves.

Bots defer goals to humans

If enabled, bots will leave it up to players to complete objectives, like rescuing the hostages or planting/defusing the bomb. If all human players are dead, bots will complete objectives themselves.

Bots can go rogue

If enabled, some bots may say some negative radio commands and do other objectives.
If disabled, all bots will say positive radio commands given by human players or other bots, except snipers and some human-player exclusive commands.

NOTE: Some maps may not allow Bots to work correctly with this on.

Weapon preferenceEdit

From normal difficulty and onward, some bots have their own weapon preference. The preference of a bot can be seen in the file BotProfile.db in the Counter-Strike directory, which can be opened with Notepad. Note that all easy bots will use random weapons as they have no weapon preference.

Bots that often use standard assault rifles in their team.

  1. M4A1 (CT)
  2. AK-47 (T)
  3. FAMAS (CT) (If they cannot afford the M4A1.)
  4. Galil (T) (If they cannot afford the AK-47.)
  5. MP5 (If they cannot afford any assault rifles.)

Note some CT bots may swap their M4A1 or the FAMAS for an AK-47 or the Galil if that bot's weapon preference is RifleT. Terrorist bots will also sometimes swap their AK-47 or Galil for a M4A1 or a FAMAS if their weapon preference lacks the letter T behind Rifle.

Bots that use assault rifles that are equipped with a scope.

  1. AUG (CT)
  2. SG 552 Commando (T)
  3. FAMAS (CT) (If they cannot afford the AUG.)
  4. Galil (T) (If they cannot afford the SG552.)
  5. MP5 (If they cannot afford any assault rifle.)

Bots that use sniper rifles.

  1. AWP
  2. SG 550 (CT)
  3. G3SG1 (T) (Some sniper bots never buy this sniper rifle; they will only pick this weapon up if they are armed with a Scout, but bots who do not have any weapon preference may buy this weapon if they have sufficient funds.)
  4. Scout (If they cannot afford the aforementioned sniper rifles.)
  5. FAMAS (CT) (If they cannot afford any sniper rifle.)
  6. Galil (T) (If they cannot afford any sniper rifle.)
  7. MP5 (If they cannot afford any sniper rifle or assault rifle.)

Bots that spray bullets quite often to pin enemies or provide suppressive fire.

  1. M249
  2. XM1014 (If they cannot afford the M249.)
  3. M3 (If they cannot afford the XM1014.)
  4. FAMAS (CT) (Bot may pick this weapon up if their current weapons is not in their preference list, but they never buy it.)
  5. Galil (T) (Bot may pick this weapon up if their current weapons is not in their preference list, but they never buy it.)
  6. MP5 (If they cannot afford a M249 and any shotgun.)

Bots that use shotguns.

  1. XM1014
  2. M3 (If they cannot afford the XM1014.)
  3. FAMAS (CT) (Bots may pick up this weapon if their current weapon is not in their preference list, but they never buy it.)
  4. Galil (T) (Bots may pick up this weapon if their current weapon is not in their preference list, but they never buy it.)
  5. MP5 (If they cannot afford any shotgun.)

Bots that use the Tactical Shield, Counter-Terrorists only. If the Shield is prohibited, their weapon preference is similar to Rifle. This is removed in Counter-Strike: Source.

  1. Shield
  2. M4A1 (If the Shield is prohibited.)
  3. AK-47 (If this rifle is found while wielding a FAMAS or Galil.)
  4. FAMAS (If they cannot afford the M4A1 while the shield is prohibited.)
  5. Galil (If this rifle is discovered while wielding a MP5 or a FAMAS.)
  6. MP5 (If they cannot afford the Shield or any assault rifle (if shield is prohibited.).)

Bots that use submachine gun which are more effective for spraying bullets while being ineffective for firing in bursts.

  1. P90
  2. TMP (CT) (If they cannot afford the P90.)
  3. MAC-10 (T) (If they cannot afford the P90.)
  4. MP5 (Bot may pick this weapon up if their current weapons is not in their preference list, but they never buy it.)

Bot statisticsEdit

  • Skill: 0
  • Aggression: 20
  • Reaction time: 0.50 seconds
  • Attack delay: 1.50 seconds
  • Difficulty: Easy

  • Skill: 25
  • Aggression: 30
  • Reaction time: 0.40 seconds
  • Attack delay: 1.00 seconds
  • Difficulty: Easy and Normal

  • Skill: 50
  • Aggression: 50
  • Reaction time: 0.40 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.70 seconds
  • Difficulty: Normal

  • Skill: 60
  • Aggression: 60
  • Reaction time: 0.30 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.35 seconds
  • Difficulty: Normal and Hard

  • Skill: 75
  • Aggression: 75
  • Reaction time: 0.25 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.00 seconds
  • Difficulty: Hard

  • Skill: 80
  • Aggression: 80
  • Reaction time: 0.25 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.00 seconds
  • Difficulty: Hard

  • Skill: 90
  • Aggression: 90
  • Reaction time: 0.20 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.00 seconds
  • Difficulty: Expert

  • Skill: 100
  • Aggression: 100
  • Reaction time: 0.20 seconds
  • Attack delay: 0.00 seconds
  • Difficulty: Expert

All of their teammate statistic is set to 75.

Bot names (Condition Zero, Source, and Global Offensive)Edit

This section is about bots that appear in multiplayer mode. For the bots that appear in Tour of Duty mode, see the List of Tour of Duty CT Bots and List of Tour of Duty Terrorist Bots.

Names in italics are exclusive to CS:GO.

Easy Fair Normal Tough Hard Very Hard Expert Elite
Albert Alfred Adam (Rifle) Adrian (Sniper) Chad Cory (Power) Arnold (RifleT) Cliffe (Rifle)
Allen Bill Andy (PunchT) Brad (Rifle) Chet Quinn (Sniper) Brett (Rifle) Crusher (Shotgun)
Bert Brandon Chris Connor (Rifle) Gabe (Spray) Seth (Rifle) Kurt (Punch)

Gunner (RifleT)

Bob Calvin (Spray) Colin

Dave (RifleT)

Hank (Shotgun)

Vinny (RifleT)

Kyle (Sniper)

Minh (Spray)

Cecil Dean

Dennis (Shield)(Rifle)

Dan

Ivan (RifleT)

Moe (Shotgun)

Phoenix (Punch)

Clarence Dustin Doug

Derek (Rifle)

Jim (Punch) Quade (Rifle) Rock (Power)
Elliot Ethan Gary

Don (Shotgun)

Joe (PunchT) Quintin (Rifle) Shark (PunchT)

Elmer

Harold Grant

Eric (Rifle)

John (Rifle) Ringo Steel (RifleT)

Ernie

Henry Greg

Erik (RifleT)

Tony (Rifle) Rip (PunchT)

Stone (PunchT)

Eugene

Irving Ian (Sniper)

Finn (Rifle)

Tyler (PunchT) Zach (Rifle)

Vitaliy (Sniper)

Fergus

Jason Jerry Jeff Victor (Rifle) Wolf (Rifle)
Ferris Frank Josh Jon

Kevin (Rifle)

Zed (Sniper)
Frasier Martin Keith Reed (RifleT) Vladimir (Sniper)
Fred Nick Mark Rick (Rifle) Zane (Spray)
George Norm Matt Ted Zim (Rifle)
Graham Orin Mike (RifleT) Troy (Rifle)
Harvey Pat Nate Wade (RifleT)
Irwin Perry Paul Wayne (Rifle)
Lester Ron Scott Xander (RifleT)
Marvin Shawn Steve Xavier (Rifle)
Neil Tim Tom
Niles Will Yahn
Oliver Wyatt
Opie
Toby
Ulric
Ulysses
Uri
Waldo
Wally
Walt
Wesley
Yanni
Yogi

Yuri

TriviaEdit

  • Bots are unable to distinguish fall damage most of the time and may not be able to climb ladders efficiently. Furthermore, they were not given the ability to interact with switches to open doors which is persistent throughout the Counter-Strike series.
    • Moreover, if submerged underwater, bots will usually struggle to swim and may even drown.
    • In Source and CS:GO, to accommodate with the changes, bots can now use the interact key to open doors (however, a bot can get stuck between an open door and a wall, especially in CS:GO. To prevent this, the door will automatically become damaged until it is destroyed.).
    • Also, in early games prior to Source, bots may sometimes take routes that will lead them to fall to their deaths. This is most notable in the map cs_747.
  • Bots will never use the burst-fire option of the Glock and the FAMAS as they will use semi-automatic mode instead (unless it was set to burst mode before these weapons were picked up). Moreover, they do not use the secondary fire (scope) for the AUG or the Krieg 552 but do use the zoom-in functions for the AWP, Schmidt Scout, Krieg 550 Commando, and the D3/AU-1. Due to this, bots will switch to their sidearm when engaging enemies at close proximity or has to retreat.
    • However, should an enemy player continue to chase a bot who is armed with a sniper rifle while its sidearm has run out of ammo or has to be reloaded, the bot will fire the sniper rifle at close range without using the scope.
  • In Counter-Strike 1.6, the Terrorists bots will notify each other in the location of where the bomb is planted in bomb defusal maps. In Condition Zero and later games, these quotes were reused for the Counter-Terrorist bots.
  • In Tour of Duty, the CT bots use "commander" rather than "sir" in response to the player.
  • Generally, allowing the option to allow bots to defer goals to humans is NOT recommended to be enabled if you are playing Counter-Strike for the first time. In one example, CT bots may secure a bombsite with a bomb ticking away and if a human player is still alive, they will not defuse the bomb even if they have a defusal kit and/or the player is unable to locate the bomb.
    • If this option is enabled, CT bots will say unique quotes such as "Bombsite secure, waiting for you to defuse the bomb sir", "Sir, defuse the bomb!", "We need you to defuse the bomb sir!", and "The hostages are eager to be rescued sir".
  • If the option to allow friendly fire and kill team killers is enabled, bots will say "Oh my God!", "Oh no!", and other negative quotes when a human  player dies by using the console command "kill", from an unique way to die (mods, etc), using a HE Grenade to kill himself, or kills a team member and suffers the consequences of doing so.
    • If human players inflict damage on friendly bots, they may say "I'm on your side!" and other quotes.
  • Some bots' names are reused from Valve employees. For example:
    • In hard difficulty, one of the SMG wielding bots is named "Gabe", probably a homage to Gabe Newell, the founder of Valve.
    • In expert difficulty, two bots are named Cliffe (Rifle) and Minh (SMG) respectively.
    • In normal difficulty, there is a rifle using bot named Dave, the creator of maps Dust, Dust 2, Cobble, etc.
  • In CS:GO, there is a harmless bot setting in which the bots will not fire at enemies. However, this disables all achievements.
    • Occasionally, harmless bots will shoot at windows and doors to break them down and let them go through.
  • Throughout the history of Counter-Strike, many (human) players tend to disown the capability of bots, due to their major differences in their judgement and movement. However, bots can be quite efficient (and perhaps even deadly) if their settings are set at the highest difficulty.
  • Before Counter Strike: Source, even if bots were restricted in purchasing a specific weapon, they may pick up a weapon (based on their preference) from a dead human player; human players can even arm their teammates against enemies armed with knives.
  • Bots will only throw some grenade at the beginning of a round. Sometimes, they will do this even though enemy players have not been detected and they may throw it improperly. If friendly fire is enabled, a team member may get killed if bots throw multiple grenades at him.
    • However, should an enemy appear in front of a bot that is wielding a grenade, the bot will throw a grenade at the enemy and quickly switch to a firearm.
    • This bug was fixed during the SteamPipe conversion.
  • In some rare situations, there is a glitch in which a bot may keep firing/attacking non-stop until they see an enemy target. This happens especially on higher difficulties in CZ and Source.
    • This glitch happens only for bots that fire pistols rapidly (very hard, expert, and elite skill). It occurs when a bot is engaging enemies while their primary weapons have run out of ammo, switch to a pistol, and retreat from assailants.
    • When this glitch occurs, bots will have a unique shooting behavior. This include firing weapons while running, firing sniper rifles while moving, firing shotguns while reloading, spraying bullets when wielding a pistol (although this is the default combat behavior for expert bots) and reload constantly when the magazine is not out of ammo.
    • This behavior also occurs when an enemy bot is blinded by a flashbang while being attacked.
    • If this happens and a bot with this glitch attempts to plant the bomb, the C4 will not be planted.
    • In CS:GO, a bot may remain crouched for the entire duration of a round. If this happens, they can move unusually fast.
  • Sometimes, an extremely rare glitch happens in which all CT bots will freeze when the C4 has been planted.
  • Should an allied or enemy (human) player touch a bot, the bot will move out the player's way, unless they are equipped with the knife while attacking the player.
  • Bots almost never shoot through surfaces to eliminate enemies. However, Ping Of Death bots will.
  • In Counter-Strike 1.6, bots in easy and medium difficulty do not strafe often when they see a lone enemy player, as they usually crouch or stand still when they attack. However, they will strafe either left or right in expert difficulty. It is also hard to dodge their bullets even at close range but it is possible to dodge bullets at point blank (provided that the player has a light weapon). POD bots will usually strafe while shooting, especially when they are armed with pistols.
  • In older games, if a hostage is in front of an enemy player, bots will shoot (through) the hostage to eliminate that target. This results in a money penalty for that bot.
  • If a flashbang blinds a bot, that bot will either crouch, spray bullets, move away from the area, or travel towards a corner.
  • Bots will only use the knife if all firearms and equipment have been restricted, all their weapons have run out of ammo, at the beginning of a round for rushing purposes, or they are attempting to leave a bombsite before the C4 explodes. Bots set on higher difficulty will equip the knife first until they encounter an enemy player or enter an area where combat occurs.
    • However, if a server spawns enemy players close to each other (and an enemy player appears within point blank range), the bot will usually attack/eliminate enemy players with the knife before switching to a firearm (if given enough time).
    • Furthermore, if a server allows bots to only use grenades and the knife, bots may occasionally switch to a grenade in the middle of the round. If they do, they may sometimes ignore enemies within close range until they throw all grenades or are being assaulted.
    • Sometimes, bots may ignore enemy players. If a bot is walking, they will usually not attack. However, they will become aggressive when they are injured or become close to enemies.
    • If they see assailants, they will rush recklessly in order to attack enemies, no matter how heavily armed they are. Also, if bots are equipped with the Tactical Shield, they do not deploy it.
    • Bots rarely switch to their firearms when they attempt to escape from the C4, thus human players can kill bots with ease. However, they will switch to a firearm again when the C4 has exploded.
    • In Source, bots will switch to a firearm when they approach enemies when the bomb countdown is between 6-10 seconds. Also, they will attack assailants aggressively with the knife rather than escaping when a target is in close proximity with a bot. This tends to occur quite often in Condition Zero.
  • Bots in Source have a different waypoint behavior as they rarely take shortcuts in most maps.
  • A bot or player may spawn at the same position with another bot or player, resulting the death for the latter ones. This mostly occurs when too many bots or players are in a game. The console will then say : "(Player name) killed self with worldspawn". Strangely, instead of dying by the regular methods, players slain using said method will simply freeze at their spawn point and other players can walk through them but cannot interact with them.

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